Paris announced a plan on Oct. 12 to prohibit the use of gas cars within the city by 2030.
The initiative, which the city stressed was not a ban but a "feasible and realistic" goal, will seek to encourage residents to use electric cars, bicycles or public transportation, The Associated Press reported.
"We have planned the end of thermic vehicle use, and therefore of fossil energies, by 2030," confirmed Christophe Nadjovski, deputy mayor for transport.
Paris has experienced high pollution levels at times over recent years. Mayor Ann Hidalgo has been forced on several occasions to make public transportation free of charge for several days to encourage more people to leave their vehicles at home.
In addition, Hidalgo has increased the number of bike paths in parts of the city and established a car-free zone on a stretch of downtown street.
The French government has committed to a plan of ending the use of gas-powered vehicles by 2040.
"This government goal affects the whole French territory, rural zones included," a statement from Paris City Hall added. "If we want to achieve this, it implies that the end of diesel and gasoline should take place several years in advance in urban areas, and particularly in big cities."
Oxford, a city in England, is aiming for a similar goal and hopes to ban gas cars by 2020. The city will establish a "zero emission zone" that will prohibit gas-powered cars from entering the city center.
London is taking a less dramatic approach; England's capital will establish a "low-emission zone" that requires drivers of high-emission vehicles to pay to enter part of the city after 2020.
"All of us who drive or use petrol or diesel vehicles through Oxford are contributing to the city's toxic air," Oxford city council board member John Tanner told Reuters. "Everyone needs to do their bit -- from national government and local authorities to businesses and residents -- to end this public health emergency."
The city will also encourage drivers to use electric vehicles by reducing parking charges for them.
The plan includes a gradual expansion of the emission-free zone until 2035, with the goal by then being to have no gas-powered vehicles, including trucks, in the city center.
The British government has announced it intends to ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars by 2040. Other major cities, including Madrid, Athens and Mexico City, have followed suit.