(Editor's Note: On the eve of the NBA Finals, Congressman Steve Cohen of Tennessee called on the National Basketball Association and its Players Association to reconsider the ban on allowing 18-year-old players to enter the league. Cohen, chairman of the House Judiciary Subcommittee, sent letters to NBA Commissioner Daniel Stern and Players Association Executive Director, G. William Hunter outlining his concerns.)
The letter read:
I am writing to express my deep concern over the policy of the National Basketball Association (NBA) to bar athletes from playing in the league on the basis of their age. The “19 plus 1” policy, which requires American players to be at least 19 years of age and one year removed from their high school graduating class, is an unfair restriction on the rights of these young men to pursue their intended career. I also believe that it has played an important role in several recent scandals involving college students who were prevented from entering the NBA upon high school graduation. I ask that this policy be repealed when the NBA completes its new collective bargaining agreement with the NBA Player’s Association.
I firmly believe in the value of a college education, but I do not believe that the 19 plus 1 policy has benefited those students who briefly attend college solely because they are not permitted to join the NBA. Instead, a “one-and-done” system has developed, whereby athletes attend college only for the mandatory year and then join the NBA as soon as they are eligible. This system does far more to serve the financial interests of the universities at which the students play than the educational interests of the students themselves. I am also concerned that the 19 plus 1 policy contributed to the recent spate of scandals involving college athletes, like Derek Rose and O.J. Mayo, which have particular resonance in my own community of Memphis.
Numerous publications, including the Memphis Commercial Appeal, Yahoo! Sports, ESPN.com, and USA Today, have published editorials or articles critical of the policy. For example, the Commercial Appeal wrote that the policy’s effect on college basketball “looks dubious” and serves mostly to harm the true student-athletes. Dan Wetzel of Yahoo! Sports questions points out that “[t]here is no statistical evidence that players are better on or off the court after a stint on campus.” These articles are just a small sample of the growing public opinion that this rule serves no value to the players who are subject to its restraints.
Few other professional sports leagues prohibit adults from entering their league on the basis of age. The Major League Baseball Association, the National Hockey League, the Professional Golf Association, the United States Tennis Association, NASCAR, and Major League Soccer, not to mention several European professional basketball leagues all permit 18 year-olds to join.Some of these leagues even allow athletes as young as 14. While I do not believe teams should be required to sign players aged, I also do not believe they should be prevented from doing so, especially if such a player has reached the age of majority.
The NBA has many examples of players who successfully entered the league at age 18 before the current policy went into effect. This list includes Kobe Bryant, LeBron James, Kevin Garnett, and Dwight Howard, all of whom have led their teams deep into this year’s playoffs. Several of them also proudly represented our country in leading the 2008 Men’s Olympic Basketball team to a gold medal.
There is no reason to think that today’s young athletes would be unable to succeed as well, if given the chance. I ask that you remove this unfair provision when the NBA completes its new collective bargaining agreement with the Player’s Association. I appreciate your taking the time to consider this matter and would be happy to provide you with any additional information you may require. I look forward to hearing from you.