German investigators tracked down 40 Nazi war criminals still living in Germany. Investigators plan to send the files on the former Auschwitz guards, many of whom are in their 90s, to state prosecutors.
Investigators looked into 50 war criminals never brought to justice. Many of them already died.
Chief investigator Kurt Schrimm, head of the special German prosecutors' office, said the remaining 40 suspects live in all parts of Germany. Schrimm said he would recommend charges against most of the suspects.
They could face prosecution as early as next month.
Since the 2011 case of John Demjanjuk, a 91-year-old native of the Ukraine, former guards at concentration camps can be charged as an accessory to murder without direct evidence that they took part in a specific murder. There does not have to be evidence that the 40 guards took part in atrocities.
Germany tried the retired Ohio autoworker and convicted him of being an accessory to 28,060 murders while he was a guard at the Sobibor concentration camp. Demjanjuk died last year during his appeal.
Germany believes strongly that war criminals must be prosecuted no matter how old or infirm.
There are four suspected Nazi war criminals still living in the United States despite deportation orders because no other country will take them, not even Germany.
Zajanckauskas, 97, was ordered to be deported to his native Lithuania in 2007, but the country will not take him. The DOJ has accused him of taking part in the "brutal liquidation" of the Warsaw Ghetto.
The deportation of Szehinskyj, 89, was ordered 14 years ago. His native Ukraine, Poland or Germany refused to take him. Szehinskyj has denied allegations that he was an armed guard at Nazi concentration camps in Germany and Poland.
The DOJ tried to deport Palij, 89, to any country that would take him. He is accused of being an armed guard who helped keep prisoners from escaping at an SS slave labor camp for Jews in Nazi-occupied Poland until at least the spring of 1943.
Kalymon, 92, is accused of being a member of the Nazi-sponsored Ukrainian Auxiliary Police in Lviv, which rounded up and imprisoned Jews. Prosecutors claimed he also shot Jews.
The men continue to live out their twilight years in the USA.