NATO Commander Says Troop Surge Is Good for Afghanistan


By Army Staff Sgt. Michael J. Carden
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Feb. 19, 2009 – The commander of NATO and U.S. forces in
Afghanistan said yesterday that while he’s pleased with President
Barack Obama’s authorization to send 17,000 more troops to Afghanistan,
tough times are ahead.

Army Gen. David D. McKiernan, commander of NATO’s International
Security Assistance Force and U.S. Forces Afghanistan, said at a
Pentagon news conference that the reinforcement fulfills about
two-thirds of his request for additional forces and will provide enough
manpower to sustain security through the summer.

“Those forces, of course, are aimed at being operational by the highest
part of the insurgent fighting season this summer, and to be in place
and operational before the projected elections in August of 2009,”
McKiernan said. The additional forces also are needed “to give us a
security foundation that will allow the other lines of operations in
governance and socioeconomic progress to take place and change what
I've called a stalemate in the south,” the general said.

The additional forces will focus their efforts in the south and along
Afghanistan’s border with Pakistan to combat insurgents. However, the
lack of a strong central government for three decades, combined with
high illiteracy and poverty rates and a resilient enemy, doesn’t offer
a quick solution for Afghanistan, McKiernan said.

“Even with the additional forces, I have to tell you that 2009 is going
to be a tough year,” he said. “While this will give us a security
foundation, we certainly need additional contributions -- civilian
capacity-building programs that will enable people in Afghanistan to
feel hope and to develop their abilities to take the lead for their

About 38,000 U.S. troops are in Afghanistan, including about 6,000
reinforcements from the 10th Mountain Division’s 3rd Brigade Combat
Team and a contingent of Marines who arrived last month. Another 19,000
troops from 42 other countries make up the balance of allied efforts

The 17,000 additional troops are made up primarily of soldiers from the
2nd Infantry Division’s 5th Stryker Brigade Combat Team based at Fort
Lewis, Wash., and Marines from the 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade at
Camp Lejeune, N.C.

The incoming troops, as well as those currently in Afghanistan, can
expect a “dual mission,” McKiernan said, noting he asked for a Marine
expeditionary brigade and an Army Stryker brigade because of their
versatility. He wanted units with counterinsurgency capabilities that
also could provide security for the population and partner with Afghan
forces, he explained, adding that Afghan border and national police
forces need trainers and organizers, which the additional troops also
will provide.

“[The additional units] are battle-space owners conducting
counterinsurgency operations, but they’re also developing capacity and
capability in the Afghan policing forces,” he said. “Training and
mentoring … will be part of the units’ mission.”

When McKiernan took command in Afghanistan less than a year ago, he
requested 30,000 additional forces. Even after the increased U.S.
presence takes hold, he still will need 10,000 to 12,000 more, whether
they come from allies in NATO or the United States, he said. He told
reporters he probably will not ask for any more troops beyond that, but
he stressed that the additional forces are not a short-term proposition.

“This is not a temporary force uplift. … It’s going to need to be
sustained for some period of time,” he said. “I can’t give an exact
number of years that it would be, but I’m trying to look out for the
next three to four or five years.” 



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