Despite the government shutdown, more than three million people who work for the federal government are expected to still be at work. The total number makes up about 80 percent of the federal government’s workers.
Those that have to work are in the following three main categories, according to Business Insider:
- Workers whose pay is not subject to annual appropriation.
- Workers whose jobs are necessary to carry out activities that are not subject to annual appropriation.
- Workers whose jobs are essential to protect life or property.
The Washington Post notes that a government shutdown this week is interrupting services and jeopardizing the paychecks of more than 800,000 federal workers.
However, the federal government does not stop functioning completely, and by law, certain agencies must operate with unsalaried employees. They include those that deal with national security and the safety of people and property, as well as those that manage benefits such as Social Security payments. The U.S. Postal Service will also be unaffected by a shutdown.
President Barack Obama signed a bill on Monday ensuring that active-duty military will be paid even if the government is closed.
The total employees of each federal government department, along with the amount expected to work and the amount being furloughed are detailed in a graphic by The Washington Post.