President Donald Trump said he wants to investigate voter fraud, despite there already being other investigations that have concluded it's not a major problem.
"I will be asking for a major investigation into VOTER FRAUD, including those registered to vote in two states, those who are illegal and.... even, those registered to vote who are dead (and many for a long time)," Trump tweeted. "Depending on results, we will strengthen up voting procedures!"
But several academic reports and media investigations have debunked the myth of widespread voter fraud affecting election outcomes.
According to The Washington Post, there were only four documented cases of voter fraud during the 2016 presidential election.
Justin Levitt, a professor at the Loyola Law School in Los Angeles who studies voter fraud, wrote in a September 2016 Washington Post blog that he has found only 31 credible cases of voter fraud since 2000.
And Trump's own attorneys argued that voter fraud was not an issue in Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, states that he unexpectedly won and which were the subject of a lawsuit put forth by Green Party candidate Jill Stein, who sued for a recount in those states, according to The New York Times.
But Trump has repeatedly used his pulpit to spread the unsubstantiated rumor that he lost the popular vote to former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton by more than 3 million votes because millions of undocumented immigrants cast millions of votes, reported Fox News.
"Perhaps because these stories are dramatic, voter fraud makes a popular scapegoat," said a 2007 report by Levitt for the Brennan Center for Justice. "Allegations of widespread voter fraud, however, often prove greatly exaggerated. ... Moreover, these claims of voter fraud are frequently used to justify policies that do not solve the alleged wrongs, but that could well disenfranchise legitimate voters."