Vipassana (Pali language of India) means in Insight. These are the actual teachings and experiences of Buddha. A human being whose purpose was to share his knowledge of liberating one from internal misery.
During these ten days students remain at the center. They refrain from talking, reading, writing or even listening to music. Students follow a basic code of morality which includes celibacy and abstention from all intoxicants.
The first 3 days are spent in practicing mental concentration. The 4th day is when Vipassana is introduced. This technique is introduced in steps so that by the time the 10 days are up students would have learned and practice the meditation fully.
Buddha's teachings known as Dhamma also means 'the law of nature'. His teaching is about eradicating the suffering or misery from deep within a human being. He experienced it. This was his truth or reality.
The only way to experience this truth directly is to look internally or within. We spend many hours looking outwardly. Examining our own physical, mental or actions remains unknown to us.
Observing the gross or subtle sensations of the body is like purification to the mind and body. Each sensation encourages our awareness of what is happening to us during challenging or non challenging moments. This method helps one understand the craving our body has to a particular habit or experience.
By remaining balanced and observing our sensations we learn to distance our attachment from that particular craving, object or experience.
By yourself committing wrong
you defile yourself.
By yourself not doing wrong
you purify yourself.