The ownership of "potentially dangerous" dog breeds would be strictly regulated under a Bill introduced to the Commission on Environment of the Costa Rica Legislative Assembly by Rep. Ileana Brenes (PLN), on April 21, 2014, reports InsideCosta Rica.com
The Bill states:
“[The people of Costa Rica] insist that measures be taken to ensure the safety of people – their life, health, and property – against dangerous dogs.”
Provisions of the Bill:
(1) Regulates the “possession, breeding, training, transport and handling of potentially dangerous dogs.”
(2) Requires anyone who owns, breeds, trains, handles, or transports “potentially dangerous” dogs to possess a special license and to obtain liability insurance.
(3) If a person were found to not have such a license and insurance, the dog would be confiscated and kept in a shelter until the owner complies with the requirements.
(4) Municipalities would be responsible for issuing licenses and creating municipal shelters for confiscated dogs. Municipalities would be able to establish a fee for such licenses in order to fund the shelters.
The bill defines “potentially dangerous” dogs as those who, due to their “natural aggressiveness” or due to their physique, are capable of causing injury or death to humans or other animals or serious damage to property.
The responsibility for creating a list of specific breeds and/or characteristics of dogs that would be subject to the regulation would be left to the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG).
In addition to the licensing requirement, “potentially dangerous dogs” would have to be muzzled at all times when in public, and be on a leash not more than one meter (3 feet) in length.
Source: Inside Costa Rica