Indonesia has just passed highly controversial new laws that would chemically castrate or even execute pedophiles. The change came after public outcry over the gang rape and murder of a 14-year-old girl.
The country has had serious problems with pedophilia, and more than 100 sex criminals have been caught traveling to the country to find new victims since 2014, according to the Daily Mail.
Activist groups ultimately got their way, however, after news broke that a 14-year-old-girl was brutally raped and murdered by a group of 12 men and boys. The girl, Yuyun, was abducted while making her way home from school, according to The Independent. Her body was found three days later in a nearby forest; her hands were bound and her body was battered and bloody.
The incident sparked intense outcry from the public and culminated in a mass protest outside the presidential palace in Jakarta. The Indonesian parliament quickly responded and toughened the punishments for convicted pedophiles, The Independent reports.
Now, repeat offenders and those that sexually abuse family members could face between 10 and 20 years locked up, according to The Independent. They could also face chemical castration through the injection of female hormones as well as being tagged with a microchip. Chemical castration is becoming somewhat of a common punishment for pedophiles, and it is used in Poland, Turkey, South Korea, Russia, and even some U.S. states.
Now, if the perpetrator killed or psychologically harmed his victim, he could face execution.
While many have applauded Indonesia's new law, saying these criminals are getting what they deserve, some human rights campaigns are skeptical, saying that these punishments will not bring down sex offender rates.
"Other countries that have chemical castration have not seen a reduction in sexual crime against children. Also it's a very expensive procedure and what we should be spending and investing our money in is services to support and help the victims," said the head of the National Commission for Women to the BBC.
Dr. Yohana Susana Yembise, Indonesia's Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection, is "praying" that these new laws will bring down the high rates of child sex abuse.
"These [punishments] are now law, so even if you hate the idea of them everyone now has to support this," she said, according to the BBC.