On Oct. 4, a federal judge upheld President Donald Trump's pardon of former Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio.
U.S. District Judge Susan Bolton rejected a number of challenges to the pardon, according to The Washington Post.
Bolton dismissed the case with prejudice, meaning Arpaio cannot be tried in court in the future over the same issue.
However, she deferred a decision on whether to vacate all of the orders in the case, including Arpaio's conviction.
Arpaio's attorneys argued that the 85-year-old was innocent and intended to appeal the conviction.
"Because the President issued a pardon before sentencing and judgment -- and clearly, before the conclusion of any appeals -- the Court is obligated to vacate its verdict and all other orders in this matter, and to dismiss the case with prejudice," Arpaio's attorneys wrote, according to The Post. "Because Defendant will never have the benefit or opportunity to seek a reversal of the court's verdict through appeal (and a retrial by jury), it is only fair that the Court vacate its verdict and all other rulings in the case."
Lawyers from the Department of Justice agreed with Arpaio's attorneys, arguing that the pardon should be upheld and orders vacated. Several liberal groups and a number of Democratic congressmen intervened in the hearing to allege that the pardon was unconstitutional.
In an opinion piece for Time, John Dean, who served as White House counsel to President Richard Nixon, and Ron Fein, legal director of Free Speech for People, alleged that Trump abused his power to pardon in the Arpaio case.
"Arpaio's pardon sent a signal that reverberated in Washington," they wrote for Time. "For Trump's current and former associates embroiled in Special Counsel Robert Mueller's Russiagate investigation, the message is unmistakable: don't cooperate, and I'll pardon you."
Trump Pardoned Arpaio in August, a month after the former sheriff's conviction for contempt of court. Arpaio was convicted of disregarding a court order to stop profiling Latinos.
"He's done a great job for the people of Arizona, he's very strong on borders, very strong on illegal immigration, he is loved in Arizona," stated Trump, according to The Post. "I thought he was treated unbelievably unfairly when they came down with their big decision to go get him, right before the election voting started."
Arpaio did not attend the hearing Oc. 4. Prior to Trump's pardon, the court set Arpaio's sentencing for Oct. 5. He could have faced up to a year in prison, Politico reported.