Since the 1950’s, acetaminophen has been one of the most commonly used pain relievers by women during pregnancy. The drug, most commonly marketed as Tylenol, has long been viewed as a safe and effective way to help pregnant women cope with the pain and discomfort of pregnancy.
A new study conducted by UCLA and the University of Aarhus in Denmark casts doubt on whether acetaminophen truly is a safe pain reliever for pregnant women. The study found that taking acetaminophen during pregnancy is linked to a higher risk of having children with ADHD and hyperkinetic disorder – a severe form of ADHD.
The study looked at 64,322 women and children who participated in a Danish cohort from 1996-2002. Acetaminophen use was tracked via multiple phone interviews and surveys throughout the women’s pregnancies. Then, researchers followed up with the women when their children were seven years old. The study found that children whose mothers used acetaminophen during pregnancy were at a 13 to 37 percent higher risk of being diagnosed with ADHD, being prescribed ADHD medication, or being diagnosed with hyperkinetic disorder.
The longer a woman took acetaminophen during pregnancy increased her child’s risk of an ADHD diagnosis. Children born to mothers who used acetaminophen for over 20 weeks of their pregnancies were at a 50 percent higher risk of being diagnosed with hyperkinetic disorder.
“We know there has been a rapid increase in childhood neurodevelopmental disorders, including ADHD, over the past decades, and it's likely that the rise is not solely attributable to better diagnoses or parental awareness,” senior researcher Dr. Beate Ritz said. “It's likely there are environmental components as well.”
Ritz added that studies tracking acetaminophen's side effects in animals confirm the drug is a hormone disruptor.
"It's known from animal data that acetaminophen is a hormone disruptor, and abnormal hormonal exposures in pregnancy may influence fetal brain development," Ritz said.
Fellow researcher Dr. Jorn Olson said the study’s findings signal a need for more research on the topic.
"We need further research to verify these findings, but if these results reflect causal associations, then acetaminophen should no longer be considered a 'safe' drug for use in pregnancy,” Olson said.
Source: UCLA Newsroom
In a recent Facebook post, Virginia State Senator Steve Martin argued that pregnant women are merely “hosts” who should not have the right to abort a pregnancy.
In his original statement, the Republican said that he will not “do anything to prevent you from obtaining a contraceptive.”
However, he continued on to say that “once a child does exist in your womb, I’m not going to assume a right to kill it just because the child’s host (some refer to them as mothers) doesn’t want it.”
Martin has since changed the Facebook post to say “bearer of the child”, rather than “host.”
On Monday, he said that he felt that his use of the word “hosts” was clearly sarcastic, but that he edited the original wording because it quickly became evident that people took it the wrong way.
“I don’t see how anyone could have taken it the wrong way,” Martin said. “It was me playing their argument back to them. Obviously I consider pregnant women to be mothers.”
Martin’s post was written in reaction to a Valentine’s Card he received from the Virginia Pro-Choice coalition. The front of the card said “don’t break our hearts”; the inside expressed disappointment in Martin over his “record of voting to restrict critical healthcare for women and families.”
The card continued on to state that all women “deserve access to their full range of reproductive health options – including preventing unintentional pregnancies, raising healthy children, and choosing safe, legal abortion.”
In his response, Martin slammed the reproductive rights’ advocates for using “ill defined terms” and for promoting “nonsense.”
“If it’s your expectation that I should support such nonsense,” Martin wrote, “I will be breaking your heart.”
Martin has previously supported a fetal personhood bill, which would ban all abortions and could even affect the legality of some forms of contraception.
Photo Source: www.theamericanmaverick.com
A couple in Australia found out that their unborn child has two brains and two faces, but despite doctors' suggesting they terminate the pregnancy, the couple have decided to fight for their child’s life.
Renee Young and Simon Howie were excited when they found out they were having twins, but an ultrasound led doctors to discover that it was just one baby with a rare medical condition called diprosopus. For babies with this condition, parts or all of the face are duplicated.
"Shocked, confused, a little bit of everything," said Howie of being told about his unborn child’s condition. "I wasn't sure how to take in what he was explaining to me."
According to reports, there have only been around 35 cases of this rare disorder in recorded history, and not one has survived any significant amount of time after being born. For this reason, doctors suggested that the couple terminate the pregnancy, but Howie and Young decided they wanted to spend whatever time they could with their child.
"It'd be the same as being a child with autism or Down syndrome,” said Howie. “I don't believe in terminating the baby if it's healthy and growing fine, and everything is going to plan.”
Young agrees with Howie, adding that they are looking forward to meeting their child regardless of how long it lives.
“If I only get two days with the baby, I only get two days with the baby,” said Young. “At least I have some time with it. That's just the time we actually get to spend with the baby and its brothers and sisters get to meet their little brother or sister."
Young is currently 19 weeks pregnant. The couple says that doctors urged them to have an abortion because their child would be “looked upon as a freak.”
A Massachusetts woman charged with murdering her pregnant roommate and stealing the fetus to pass off as her own is headed to court this week to begin her trial.
39-year-old Julie Corey was arrested in 2009 after she strangled and beat her pregnant friend Darlene Haynes to death, cut her open, and stole her unborn child.
"Her intention was to take the baby away from Darlene Haynes," said Assistant District Attorney Dan Bennett during the trial’s opening statements. Bennett also said that Corey faked her own pregnancy for months before murdering 23-year-old Haynes and stealing her child.
Corey allegedly told her boyfriend that she had given birth to the baby following the incident, and actually convinced him that Hayne’s child was theirs. The couple took the baby and moved to New Hampshire right after the brutal murder and kidnapping, but it was there that authorities caught up with them after finding Haynes body still in the apartment. Corey’s boyfriend was never charged in the case.
As the trial begins, Corey’s lawyer claims that she is innocent. The defense will argue that there is no evidence to show that the woman murdered Haynes, and they claim that Corey actually obtained the baby legally. Corey has been in prison since being arrested.
Haynes' baby is alive today and living with its biological father.
The story of a nun giving birth went viral last week, and now, the very first picture of Sister Roxana Rodriguez has been released.
As Opposing Views recently reported, the 33-year-old nun, originally from El Salvador, was rushed to the hospital complaining of intense stomach cramps, and it was there that doctors discovered she was actually in labor. Rodriguez claims she had no idea that she was pregnant, but she gave birth to the healthy baby boy and named him Francis, in honor of the current Pope.
The newly released picture shows Sister Rodriguez taking her vows and officially becoming a nun in September 2012.
“I am so happy,” Rodriguez reportedly said. “I feel more of a mother than a nun, I think that's obvious. I decided to call him Francis in honor of our wonderful South American Pope. I do not feel of guilt. I will be keeping him and bringing him up. He is a gift from God. I am little worried about all the publicity, not only in Italy, but in El Salvador and all over the world. Everyone is talking about this and I don't think I will be able to return to my home country, let alone Rieti.”
Sister Rodriguez will not be allowed to be a nun any more, as she broke the sacred vow of chastity, and the Catholic Church is reportedly embarrassed by her pregnancy. According to reports, when doctors told her she was pregnant, Rodriguez responded, “It’s not possible, I’m a nun.” It’s believed that the nun got pregnant on a trip home to El Salvador to renew her passport back in March or April where there was a “rekindling of a childhood flame.”
A professor of neurobiology at Amsterdam University has written a book, citing multiple academic studies, claiming that a mother’s lifestyle can predict the adult life of her baby.
Dr. Dick Swabb says that pregnant women who smoke or lead a stressful lifestyle are more likely to have children who are gay adults.
"Pregnant women suffering from stress are also more likely to have homosexual children of both genders because their raised level of the stress hormone cortisol affects the production of fetal sex hormones,” Swabb says.
He said the fetal brain begins developing at two weeks and any toxin introduced into the mother at this time impacts the baby’s developing.
"Pre-birth exposure to both nicotine and amphetamines increases the chance of lesbian daughters," he told the Sunday Times.
He cited a study of women taking synthetic estrogen from 1939 to 1960 to reduce the change of miscarriage. Their daughters had greater probability of being bisexual or lesbian.
Swabb says drinking and taking drugs can also lower the I.Q. of the child.
"In women who drink a lot, cells that were meant to migrate across the foetal brain can end up leaving the brain altogether," he said. "Even in women who drink just a glass of wine a day we see effects [such as] lower IQ and hyperactivity. There is no safe level."
Swabb believes that research proves that child development during pregnancy is directly responsible for adult lifestyles.
Other research has suggested that males with older brothers are more likely to be gay. For each older brother a man has, his odds of being gay increases 33 percent, according to Canadian psychologist Ray Blanchard.
The Supreme Court of Salta, Argentina, has overruled a lower court’s decision forbidding a raped 14 year old girl from having an abortion.
The young girl was raped by her mother’s partner. When she found out she was pregnant, the girl and her mother sought an abortion. Though abortion is illegal in Argentina, there are several cases where exceptions apply. One of these exceptions is when the pregnancy stems from sexual assault.
Argentina’s federal supreme court ruled last year that women may legally have abortions when they were raped or when their lives are at risk by giving birth. The court also ruled that victims could not be punished for having abortions, and that a signed doctor’s note would be the only criteria needed to seek out an abortion.
So on December 17th, when a judge ordered the young girl to carry out her pregnancy, her mother was outraged and claimed the judge exceeded his authority in his decision.
"There is a judge that is making my daughter have a baby that she does not want. It's horrible," the mother said.
Abortion rights groups in Argentina were understandably angered by the case as well.
“When it comes to a woman’s body and her authority over her own body, what we have is a male-dominated, patriarchal majority in society and the Catholic Church,” said Mabel Gabarra with the National Campaign for Free and Legal Abortion.
With activist support behind them, the mother and her daughter appealed the court’s decision. The Salat Supreme Court sided with them, and granted the girl the right to have an abortion.
Argentina is quite progressive on a number of issues. Gay marriage is legal and transgender rights are recognized in the country. Nevertheless, abortion is still considered a social taboo.
A Florida teenager was scared that her parents would be mad if they found out she was pregnant, so when it came time to deliver the baby, she decided to strangle the newborn to death immediately after giving birth in her bedroom and hide the body in a shoebox.
Cassidy Goodson, 14, was charged with first-degree murder and tried as an adult for killing her newborn infant. During the 2012 trial, Goodson demonstrated what she did using a Santa Claus doll.
"Its eyes weren’t open but I felt to see if it was breathing or not, and (it was breathing) so I put my hands around its throat to make it stop breathing," said Goodson during her demonstration. "I wanted it to stop breathing so I wouldn't get in trouble."
Goodson reportedly wore baggy clothes to hide that she was pregnant because she didn’t want to disappoint her parents. According to reports, the young girl even went so far as to show her mother false pregnancy tests that all said negative.
To make matters even more disturbing, Goodson claimed that while she was in labor, she used a pair of scissors to pry the nine-pound baby out.
Cassidy’s mother Teresa Goodson claims she had no idea that her daughter was pregnant or had given birth at all. Teresa stumbled upon the shoebox that her daughter had put the dead baby in three days after the murder. She said she smelled a foul odor coming from her daughter’s room, and upon investigation, discovered the box with the deceased baby. She immediately went to authorities to report it.
Teresa thought that her daughter was just getting fatter and had no idea that she was pregnant. “Honestly, if I would have known, this would have never happened,” she said.
At the end of the trial, late last year, Cassidy Goodson pleaded out of her first-degree murder charge and had it lessened to manslaughter. She was sentenced to 18 months in a maximum-security facility for juveniles because the judge thought that a harsher sentence would have just been a second life lost. In the end, everyone agreed that Goodson deserved a second chance.
Erick Munoz, a paramedic, wants to end life support for his pregnant wife Marlise Munoz, but cannot because Texas state law places the rights of her 18-week-old fetus above the pre-stated desires of Marlise.
Marlise collapsed from a pulmonary embolism on Nov. 26. Erick found her on the floor of their living room home in Tarrant County, Texas, where he performed CPR until an ambulance arrived (video below).
"They don't know how long the baby was without nutrients and oxygen," Erick told ABC News. "But I'm aware what challenges I might face ahead."
Erick claims that he and Marlise, who was also a paramedic, both decided they didn't want to be kept alive by machines before the incident.
In keeping with her wishes, he wants to turn off her life support, but doctors may keep her alive for the full term of the unborn baby.
"It's hard to reach the point where you wish your wife's body would stop," Erick told WFAA.
However, according to Texas law Section 166.049: "A person may not withdraw or withhold life-sustaining treatment under this subchapter from a pregnant patient."
Neither Erick or Marlise signed a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) form, but that would make no difference because state law overrides the DNR.
Because of the law, Erick must get a judge to grant an injunction or restraining order in order to turn off Marlise's life support machines.
The next series of tests of the fetus will be at 24 weeks, in mid-February. Family members may know then when the fetus can be removed.
Erick says he worries about the situation turning into a pro-life debate in the media.
A pregnant nurse in Pennsylvania was fired after she refused a mandatory flu shot over fears it would hurt her unborn child.
Dreonna Breton, 29, found out she was pregnant in October, one month before her employer, Horizon Healthcare Services, requires all staff to receive a flu shot.
Breton says the labels for many flu vaccines indicate it should only be given to pregnant women “if clearly needed.”
Having had two miscarriages since her first child was born, she didn’t want to take any chances. Breton filed for an exemption from the mandatory shot, but her employer denied it.
“I honestly didn't think it was going to be a problem but I was immediately met with the resistance that if I didn't take the vaccine by the November 15 deadline I would be terminated,” Breton told the Daily Mail.
The hospital does allow for exemptions if the staff is allergic or if the shot is against their religious beliefs.
Hospital officials told Breton she would have to bring a note from her obstetrician before she was exempt.
“[My midwife] wrote me a letter explaining that the vaccines have not been tested on pregnant women and because I have had precious miscarriages she didn't feel comfortable me having it,” Breton said.
But her employer would not accept the letter because it wasn’t from a doctor.
A hospital family care doctor wrote her a note that read: “In my view, getting the flu shot would significantly and negatively impact (her) health because of the increased fear and anxiety it would create as well as the emotional impact it could cause if she does miscarry again.”
Her employer wouldn’t accept that excuse either.
“They said I didn't provide a medical reason so I was suspended, and I had five days to have the shot or I would be terminated,” she said.
“It would be a false statement to say the flu vaccine is known to be safe during pregnancy,” she added. “I have lost my job, one that I love and am good at, because I chose to do what I believe is best for my baby.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that pregnant women receive the flu shot, saying it’s perfectly safe during any trimester.
“Flu shots are a safe way to protect pregnant women and their unborn children from serious illness and complications of flu, like pneumonia,” the CDC says. “The flu shot has been given to millions of pregnant women over many years. Flu shots have not been shown to cause harm to pregnant women or their babies. It is very important for pregnant women to get the flu shot.”
“It is especially important for pregnant women to get the flu shot as you are more likely to have serious complications to yourself and your pregnancy if you get the flu,” says Jones Hopkins Medicine, a leader in biomedical research. “Once you get the flu shot, your body will start producing antibodies that will help protect you against the flu, and this protection can be passed to your unborn baby.”
Compulsory flu shots are common in hospital settings.
Breton has worked for Lancaster General Hospital, which owns Horizon Healthcare Services, since 2008. It is unclear whether she received the shot during her first pregnancy.