According to the United Nations, an estimated 400,000 people have been killed in the civil war in Syria since 2011, and half of the country's people have had to leave their homes (video below).
Video of a 5-year-old Syrian boy, Omran Daqneesh, has become the latest iconic image of the war since it was posted online on Aug. 17.
Omran is seen sitting in an ambulance, covered in dust and blood after being rescued from a bombed-out building, following an airstrike on the city of Aleppo.
The attack killed three people and at least eight others were injured, according to Khaled Khaled, an Aleppo-based member of the Syrian Civil Defense, a volunteer rescue group that operates in rebel-held territory, reports Al Jazeera.
The boy was rescued by members of the group, also known as the White Helmets, and taken to a nearby hospital, where he was treated for light head wounds and released.
A video of Omran’s dazed expression as he was carried from the rubble to an ambulance has been shared thousands of times on social media. Eerily, he does not cry or make a sound.
The fighting in Aleppo has been one of the bloodiest and tragic urban conflicts of modern times, according to Peter Maurer of the International Red Cross.
“No one and nowhere is safe,” he explains. “Shellfire is constant, with houses, schools and hospitals all in the line of fire. The scale of the suffering is immense. People live in a state of fear. Children have been traumatized.”
In 1937, artist Pablo Picasso’s famous painting of the bombing of Guernica, Spain, captured the civilian toll of modern war. Since that time, Guernica has become the rule and not the exception.
As historian Howard Zinn put it, “All wars are wars against civilians.”