In an effort to proactively address the ongoing pandemic, the President signed a National Emergency Declaration on H1N1 that allows healthcare systems to quickly implement disaster plans should they become overwhelmed.
As experts expected, H1N1 flu is moving rapidly throughout the country and the majority of states now have widespread influenza activity. This declaration gives authority for the Department of Health and Human Services
(HHS) to waive certain regulatory requirements for healthcare
facilities in response the ongoing pandemic. Specifically, healthcare
facilities will be able to submit waivers to establish alternate care
sites, and modified patient triage protocols, patient transfer
procedures and other actions that occur when they fully implement
disaster operations plans.
Under Section 1135 of the Social Security Act [42 USC §1320b–5]
healthcare facilities may petition for HHS approval of waivers in
response to particular needs within the geographic and temporal limits
of the emergency declarations. Before HHS has the authority to approve
such “1135 Waivers” two conditions must be met: first, the Secretary
must have declared a Public Health Emergency, and second, the President
must have declared a National Emergency either through a Stafford Act
Declaration or National Emergencies Act Declaration. 1135 Waivers still
require specific requests be submitted to HHS and processed, and some
State laws may need to be addressed as well.
The Secretary may tailor authorities granted under Section 1135 waivers
to match the specific situational needs, but the requirements that may
be waived include those related to Medicare, Medicaid or the Children’s
Health Insurance Program (CHIP), the Emergency Medical Treatment and
Active Labor Act (EMTALA), and the Health Insurance Portability and
Accountability Act (HIPAA).
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Past instances where authority to grant Section 1135 waivers was enabled include:
- Hurricane Katrina (2005)
- 56th Presidential Inauguration (2009)
- Hurricanes Ike and Gustav (2008)
- North Dakota flooding (2009)