Watchdog Group Says Further Changes Are Necessary To Avoid Religious Coercion At Fort Leonard Wood
U.S. military officials should make further changes at Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri to ensure that soldiers are not subjected to unwanted religious proselytism, says Americans United for Separation of Church and State.
In July of 2008, Americans United wrote to Department of Defense officials to raise concerns about the “Tabernacle Baptist Church Retreat” (previously known as “Free Day Away”), a program sponsored by a church in Lebanon, Mo. Under the program, soldiers are taken to the church for food and recreational activities but are required to attend an evangelistic service while there.
Soldiers who chose not to attend were left behind at the base to continue with their military responsibilities. The fort is a training center for new recruits, and the “Church Retreat” program is the only day (other than the day before graduation) off base allotted to enlistees. Officials at the fort had been promoting the program for 36 years.
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Shortly after AU sent its missive, Department of Defense officials issued guidelines stating that it should be made clear that attendance is voluntary and that soldiers who remain behind should be allotted free time and not made to work.
But Americans United says that’s not enough. In a follow-up letter sent to Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates today, AU suggests that trainees who choose not to attend the church-sponsored event should be offered equivalent recreational activities.
“Our understanding is that the only ‘secular alternative’ offered to soldiers is free time at Fort Leonard Wood,” observes the AU letter. “Soldiers who opt not to participate in the Church Retreat thus have no opportunity to leave the base or enjoy recreational activities such as bowling or free food. If that is so, presenting soldiers with such a choice still coerces them to participate in religious activities in violation of the…First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.”
The AU letter suggests that the problem could be resolved by offering soldiers who choose not to take part in the “Church Retreat” transportation to a nearby town that offers recreational activities.
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The Rev. Barry W. Lynn, executive director of Americans United, said he appreciates that Defense Department officials have taken some steps to reduce the problem but added that they should do more.
“The military has no right to coerce recruits to attend a church service where they are pressured to make a religious commitment,” Lynn said. “Additional changes are necessary to ensure that our service personnel are treated fairly.”
AU’s letter was drafted by AU Madison Fellow Taryn Wilgus Null, in consultation with Legal Director Ayesha N. Khan and Senior Litigation Counsel Alex J. Luchenitser.