When it comes to stimulating the economy, what works? Much can be learned by
examining a previous attempt, the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008, says John B.
Taylor, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution.
-- The major part of the 2008 stimulus packaging was the $115 billion temporary
rebate program, targeted at individuals and families that phased out as income
-- The argument for these temporary rebate payments was that they would
increase consumption, stimulate aggregate demand, and thereby get the economy
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-- Yet, the rebate did little or nothing to stimulate consumption, overall
aggregate demand or the economy.
Such temporary increases in income will not lead to significant increases in
consumption. If increases are longer term, however, as in the case of a
permanent tax cut, then consumption is increased by a significant amount,
So what could Congress and the Obama administration do to give the economy a
real boost? The following fairly bipartisan measures are worth considering,
-- Pass a law keeping all income-tax rates where they are now, effectively
making current tax rates permanent; this would be a significant stimulus to the
economy because tax-rate increases are now expected on a majority of small
business, capital gains, and dividend income.
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-- Enact a worker's tax credit equal to 6.2 percent of wages up to $8,000 as
the president proposed during the campaign, and make it permanent.
-- Recognize explicitly that the "automatic stabilizers" are likely to be as
large as 2.5 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) this fiscal year, that they
will help stabilize the economy and that they should be viewed as part of the
overall fiscal package even if they do not require legislation.
-- Construct a government spending plan that meets long-term objectives, puts
the economy on a path to budget balance and is expedited as much as possible
without waste and inefficiency.
Source: John B. Taylor, "Permanent Tax Cuts: The Best Stimulus," Hoover
Digest (Hoover Institution), No. 2, 2009 For text: http://www.hoover.org/publications/digest/42823067.html
For more on Taxes: http://www.ncpa.org/sub/dpd/?Article_Category=20