A secret slide from the National Security Agency (NSA) shows how the U.S. government spies on undersea fiber cables, which carry communciation by Americans.
The classified NSA slide, published by The Washington Post today, describes how the NSA uses two types of collection techniques.
One is "PRISM," which was exposed by whistleblower Edward Snowden, but a second way is called "Upstream."
In the slide, the U.S. government describes Upstream as a “collection of communications on fiber cables and infrastructure as data flows past.”
The slide also shows that PRISM is a “collection directly from the servers” of tech companies such as Google, Microsoft, Facebook, Yahoo, Skype, PalTalk, AOL, YouTube and Apple.
Some of these tech companies have strongly denied being involved with the NSA's spying activities.
Also on the slide, Upstream lists "Fairview, Stormbrew, Blarney and Oakstar" as its sources.
According to The Washington Post, Blarney gathers up metadata on the Internet as part of “an ongoing collection program that leverages IC [intelligence community] and commercial partnerships to gain access and exploit foreign intelligence obtained from global networks.”
In response to the slide, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence stated today: “As always the Intelligence and law enforcement communities will continue to work with all members of Congress to ensure the proper balance of privacy and protection for American citizens."
However, the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper lied to Sen. Ron Wyden on June 7 when asked if the NSA collected information on millions of Americans. Clapper originally said "no" and then added "not wittingly," reported The Guardian.
However, PRISM and Upstream show a deliberate effort by the NSA to collect information on millions of Americans.