The Trump administration has circulated drafts for two executive orders that would place stricter filters on immigrants and foreign travel to the U.S. on the grounds of improving working opportunities for citizens. If signed by President Donald Trump, the orders in their current form would turn away immigrants who would require taxpayer support and deport those who receive federal benefits.
On Jan. 31, two executive order drafts were provided to Trump administration officials. Both orders would dramatically impact current standards for entry into the U.S., The Washington Post reports.
The first draft is titled Executive Order on Protecting Taxpayer Resources by Ensuring Our Immigration Laws Promote Accountability and Responsibility. The potential order asserts that U.S. households "headed by aliens are much more likely than those headed by citizens to use Federal means-tested public benefits."
The order would turn away any immigrants deemed to potentially require federal assistance and would deport immigrants already residing in the U.S. for at least five years if they receive any public assistance.
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The second draft is titled the Executive Order on Protecting American Jobs and Workers by Strengthening the Integrity of Foreign Worker Visa Programs. If signed into law, the order would establish that immigrants not deemed to suit the U.S. "national interest" would be ineligible for visas.
The order would call for government investigations into U.S. companies that employ immigrants and to have the Department of Homeland Security annually compile two reports to track how many foreign-born workers reside in the U.S.
Currently, U.S. law mandates that green-card holders cannot receive federal benefits for the first five years of their residency. Undocumented immigrants are currently ineligible for any federal benefits.
Immigration policy analyst Alex Nowrasteh of the Cato Institute believes that these executive orders would be counterproductive if signed into law.
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"The overwhelming consensus in the economics academic literature is that immigrants add more to the economy than they take, they create more jobs for Americans, and they are a net benefit to the American economy," Nowrasteh said.
The policy analyst added that data indicates "poor immigrants are less likely to use welfare, and when they do, the dollar value of the benefits they use is lower."
On Jan. 27, Trump ignited national controversy after signing an executive order prohibiting the admittance of Syrian refugees into the U.S. and placing a travel ban on citizens hailing from several Muslim-majority countries. That executive order has drawn challenges from the attorney generals of Massachusetts and New York, Reuters reports.