Society

Christopher Columbus Supported Slavery, Mass Murder, Torture

| by Michael Allen

Many Americans celebrate Columbus Day today, but they might reconsider if they knew more about Christopher Columbus.

According to RawStory.com, Columbus indicated he didn't like Muslims or Jews, supported slavery, and advocated genocide and torture.

UnderstandingPrejudice.org notes that Columbus wrote to Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella about Muslims and Jews:

As Catholic Christians and Princes who love the holy Christian faith, and the propagation of it, and who are enemies to the sect of Mahoma [Islam] and to all idolatries and heresies, resolved to send me, Cristóbal Colon, to the said parts of India to see the said princes … with a view that they might be converted to our holy faith …. Thus, after having turned out all the Jews from all your kingdoms and lordships … your Highnesses gave orders to me that with a sufficient fleet I should go to the said parts of India …. I shall forget sleep, and shall work at the business of navigation, so that the service is performed.

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According to Mike Huckabee's "Learn Our History" series for children, Columbus was enchanted by the kindly Arawak Indians when he accidentally arrived in the Bahamas, but Huckabee left out a few details, notes MediaMatters.org.

HistoryisAWeapon.com notes Columbus wrote in his diary about the Arawaks:

They … brought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many other things, which they exchanged for the glass beads and hawks’ bells. They willingly traded everything they owned… They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features…. They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane… . They would make fine servants…. With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.

Bartolome de Las Casas, who initially admired Columbus and translated his diaries into Spanish, was shocked by the murder and torture carried out in Cuba by Columbus' men:

According to VoicesEducation.org, Las Casas wrote:

And the Christians, with their horses and swords and pikes began to carry out massacres and strange cruelties against them. They attacked the towns and spared neither the children nor the aged nor pregnant women nor women in childbed, not only stabbing them and dismembering them but cutting them to pieces as if dealing with sheep in the slaughter house. They laid bets as to who, with one stroke of the sword, could split a man in two or could cut off his head or spill out his entrails with a single stroke of the pike.

They took infants from their mothers’ breasts, snatching them by the legs and pitching them head first against the crags or snatched them by the arms and threw them into the rivers, roaring with laughter and saying as the babies fell into the water, “Boil there, you offspring of the devil!” Other infants they put to the sword along with their mothers and anyone else who happened to be nearby. They made some low wide gallows on which the hanged victim’s feet almost touched the ground, stringing up their victims in lots of thirteen, in memory of Our Redeemer and His twelve Apostles, then set burning wood at their feet and thus burned them alive.

To others they attached straw or wrapped their whole bodies in straw and set them afire. With still others, all those they wanted to capture alive, they cut off their hands and hung them round the victim’s neck, saying, “Go now, carry the message,” meaning, Take the news to the Indians who have fled to the mountains. They usually dealt with the chieftains and nobles in the following way: they made a grid of rods which they placed on forked sticks, then lashed the victims to the grid and lighted a smoldering fire underneath, so that little by little, as those captives screamed in despair and torment, their souls would leave them...

Sources: VoicesEducation.org, HistoryisAWeapon.com, MediaMatters.org, UnderstandingPrejudice.org (Image Credit: Public Domain)