Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump called for U.S. police to use a "stop-and-frisk" policy that was used by the NYPD and ruled to be unconstitutional (video below).
Trump made his proposal on Sept. 21 in response to a question about "black-on-black crime" during a town hall meeting with Fox News host Sean Hannity:
Right, well, one of the things I'd do, Ricardo, is I would do stop-and-frisk. I think you have to. We did it in New York. It worked incredibly well and you have to be proactive. And you really help people sort of change their mind, automatically, you understand, you have to have, in my opinion, I see what's going on here, I see what’s going on in Chicago, I think stop-and-frisk. In New York City, it was so incredible the way it worked. And, we had a very good mayor, but New York City was incredible, the way that worked, so I think that could be one step you could do.
However, New York City's "stop-and frisk" policy was ruled unconstitutional by U.S. District Court Judge Shira Scheindlin in 2013.
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Scheindlin ruled that this type of policing violated people's right to protection under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to the constitution.
According to The Guardian, Scheindlin wrote in her ruling: "In practice, the policy encourages the targeting of young black and Hispanic men based on their prevalence in local crime complaints. This is a form of racial profiling."
Then-New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg appealed the ruling, but the current mayor, Bill DeBlasio, dropped the appeal.
NYPD Commissioner Bill Bratton said in June 2015: "Let’s get over it. SQF (Stop, Question and Frisk) is not a significant factor in the crime rate of this city," noted DNAinfo New York.
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According to Bratton, there were 685,000 police stops in 2011, while rapes, assaults and grand larcenies went up.
Bratton said that in 2014 there were 48,000 police stops, while murders, rapes and other violent crimes significantly dropped, as did the overall crime rate by 4.5 percent.
"Last year, when we had the lowest number of [stop-and-frisks], we had much less crime, the lowest number of homicides in the recorded history of the department," Bratton added.