Proponents of the Affordable Care Act maintain that the individual mandate, which requires all Americans to have health insurance, is the crucial component to the legislation. Last year, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the individual mandate when its legality came under fire. Despite all the legal battles and debates, several groups are prominently exempt from the mandate however.
Religious group, victims of domestic abuse, prison inmates, and American Indians are all not required by law to have health insurance.
The reason American Indians are not required to opt into the system is because the federal government is legally obligated, through various treaties, to provide American Indians free healthcare, education, and housing. The Indian Health Service runs the federal government about $4 billion a year. On top of this, American Indians are given the option to take federal subsidies for private healthcare.
Both opponents and proponents of Obamacare take issue with these exemptions. Opponents are frustrated why these groups have the privilege opt out yet most American are obligated to pay into the system. Proponents argue that, for the system to work, everyone must contribute.
All Americans with an income under $47,000 are eligible for subsidies ranging from $630 to $4,480 a year. Individuals who do not have health insurance at the implementation of Obamacare this January will be fined $95 per year and $300 for a family.
Sources: Fox News