Documentary filmmaker Michael Moore has promised to pay any fines incurred by Electoral College voters who refuse to cast votes for President-elect Donald Trump.
The Electoral College convenes Dec. 19 to officially elect the president. Each elector is pledged to whichever candidate received the popular vote in their respective state or district.
Theoretically, however, the electors could violate their pledge and "vote their conscience" -- and this is what Moore is encouraging them to do.
"If you don't vote for [Donald Trump], your state will fine you $1,000," Moore wrote on his Facebook page, according to Raw Story. "So here’s my offer to you: I obviously can’t and won’t give you money to vote tomorrow, but if you do vote your conscience and you are punished for it, I will personally step up pay your fine which is my legal right to do."
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Moore then emphasized that he is not motivated by political partisanship or a loyalty to former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Rather, he is addressing the Republican electors as a fellow American who is concerned about the future of his country, says ABC News:
I am writing you not as a card-carrying Democrat (I'm not) who voted for Hillary (I did), but simply because I am an American who, like you, deeply loves this country and its people. I am not going to ask you to vote for the person who got the most votes (although I will not be upset should you chose to side with the majority of your fellow Americans and do so!). No, I'm simply asking you to vote your conscience and PLEASE do not put our nation in danger by choosing Donald J. Trump.
Alluding to the email leaks that have been blamed on Russia, Moore told electors that they "are bound to God and not to [Russian President] Vladimir Putin."
"Your loyalty is to your fellow Americans, the vast majority of whom didn’t vote for Donald J. Trump," he continued. "But you won the Electoral College and so you get to decide. You can vote for the actual winner as decided by the American people, or you can pick another Republican who isn’t Trump."
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The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) explains that, depending on where they live, electors who defy their pledge risk being expelled from the Electoral College.
"Some states have passed laws that require their electors to vote as pledged," the NCSL website reads, according to ABC News. "These laws may either impose a fine on an elector who fails to vote according to the statewide or district popular vote, or may disqualify an elector who violates his or her pledge and provide a replacement elector."