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Wizards

How Awful will Washington Wizards be in 2010-11?

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Ted Leonsis became the new owner of the Washington Wizards a few months ago. The team he now leads won only 26 games in 2009-10. But through the quirks of the bouncing lottery balls, the Wizards managed to land the number one pick in the 2010 NBA draft. And with John Wall now leading the team, Leonsis and the Wizards seem to be feeling good about the team’s future prospects.

Arturo Galletti – a mere blogger – is apparently less impressed. Mr. Galletti argued this past weekend that the Wizards have a chance to be the worst team in NBA history in 2010-11. Mr. Leonsis – via his own blog – took exception to this forecast.

As I will note below, I have some reason to be interested in the debate between these two individuals. Before I get to this reason, though, let me briefly discuss how I see Washington’s 2010-11 prospects.

The story of next season begins with where the team was last year. The table below lists the ten players who played the most minutes for the Wizards last year. It also reports each player’s Wins Produced (here is an explanation). As one can see, these ten players produced about 27.7 wins last year. In other words, whatever success the Wizards had last year can be linked to these players.

The second half of the table details how many wins the Wizards could have expected had their players maintained what they did in the past. And as one can see, if we knew how many minutes each player was going to play before the 2009-10 season started, we would have expected the Wizards to do about as well as they did. In other words, we should have expected the Wizards to be a below average team last year.

This analysis also tells us why the Wizards might have even more problems next year. The quartet of Mike Miller, Brendan Haywood, Caron Butler, and Antawn Jamison were expected to produce about 23 wins in 2009-10. When the season was over, these four had produced 22.0 wins. The remainder of the roster, though, didn’t produce much more. And unfortunately, all four of these players will be playing elsewhere in 2010-11.

Who did Leonsis and the Wizards get to replace these four? According to ESPN.com and Yahoo.com, Washington’s depth chart currently is as follows:

Starters
PG: John Wall
SG: Gilbert Arenas
SF: Al Thornton
PF: Andray Blatche
C: Javale McGee

Bench
PG: Kirk Hinrich
SG: Nick Young
SF: Josh Howard
PF: Yi Jianlian
C: Hilton Armstrong

Of these players, only John Wall didn’t play in the NBA last year. The following table details what these nine veterans did last year. In looking at these numbers keep in mind that an average NBA player will post a 0.100 WP48 [Wins Produced per 48 minutes]. As one can see, every single veteran on this team was below average last year.

If we make a guess at how many minutes each player will play per game we can estimate the number of wins each player will produce. Adding up what we see for all nine players and we see a team – before we get to John Wall’s contribution – that only wins six games. In other words, this is a very poor collection of NBA veterans.

Now there are two things to keep in mind. First, we have not considered the contribution of John Wall. Unfortunately, there is reason to think – as Mr. Galletti noted in his post – that Wall may not make much difference next year. One should remember, though, that we cannot forecast perfectly what rookies will do (and there is evidence the NBA doesn’t do this well either). So it is possible that Wall will defy Mr. Galletti’s analysis.

It is also possible that the veterans can do better. For example, Gilbert Arenas produced 8.6 wins in 2006-07. That same season, Kirk Hinrich offered 5.6 wins while Josh Howard produced 8.7 victories. And Hilton Armstrong – again back in 2006-07 – wasn’t nearly as awful as he has been every year since (he produced 1.1 wins that year). If these players return to what we saw four years ago (and yes, that is the best these four ever played in the NBA), the Wizards will be better next season.
Of course, hoping players will return to what we saw in what is now the ancient past appears to be the very definition of “grasping at straws.” And that illustrates why the Wizards look to be in trouble.

At the end of the day, wins do not happen by magic in the NBA. Someone has to take the actions necessary to create wins. Such actions include shooting efficiently, rebounding, getting steals, and avoiding turnovers. It is these tangible actions that produce wins in the NBA. And when you have a collection of players who haven’t produced wins in the recent past, it seems likely you will not be very successful in the near future.

In other words, it looks like Mr. Galletti is on to something. The Wizards may not be the worst team ever (then again, maybe they will be). But they are not likely to be very good next season.

For me to essentially agree with Mr. Galletti is not surprising. If you look at his blog post you will see he is also employing Wins Produced, the same method my co-authors and I detailed in The Wages of Wins and Stumbling on Wins.

Why should you believe what is written in these books? Well, let’s consider the following comment offered on Stumbling on Wins last May:

David Berri and Martin Schmidt have written a very interesting book called Stumbling on Wins: Two Economists Expose the Pitfalls on the Road to Victory in Professional Sports.

I just concluded reading it. I recommend it highly to the passionate, opinionated fan. The stats speak loudly and clearly.

This is a wonderful counter cultural look at the world of sports by economists and math majors. Buy it today.

The author of this wonderful comment on our book was Ted Leonsis. Yes, the stats do speak loudly and clearly. And the message they send is that this collection of Wizards will probably be a very poor team in 2010-11 (and one suspects, this is not the message Mr. Leonsis is hearing from his employees in Washington).

This post was originally written for the Huffington Post.

And here are a three more thoughts on this post.

And I should also offer a comment on Ted Leonsis.  As the post noted, Leonsis endorsed Stumbling on Wins.  But he took exception to Arturo’s analysis of his team, even though Arturo was simply applying what is said in Stumbling on Wins.  I think this gets at something I said a few months ago (not sure where I said it, but I think it was in a Huffington Post column).  People are okay with the idea that decision-makers are making mistakes (with the exception of a few economists I know).  But when you move from criticizing people in general to criticizing specific individuals – as we often do in sports – then people are not as happy.  I think this is what I am seeing with respect to Leonsis.  Before he fully took over in Washington, he was probably okay with the notion that some people in the NBA make mistakes (hence he liked our book).  But when people start questioning his decisions, then he is less happy. 

I would add, most people (including myself) behave in the same fashion.  People can criticize professors and economists.  People can even criticize sports economists.  But if you criticize me…. well, I am not as happy as I could be (although I tend to get over it pretty quickly).  So I am not surprised by the reaction we see from Leonsis.  And he should not be surprised if he sees his team losing quite a bit in 2010-11.

- DJ

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